It's fair to say that the 2002 range helped make BMW the force that it is today. Before the 02s and the Neue Klasse saloons that preceded them, BMW really was struggling to survive.
Looking back, the success of the 02s is no great surprise - these are great-looking cars that are easy to look after but also a hoot to drive, thanks to torquey engines and safe but entertaining rear-wheel drive handling.
Which one to buy?
It all started when BMW condensed the Neue Klasse's best attributes to a smaller, more affordable package. In 1966 the 1600-2 was launched: a two-door saloon, powered by a 96bhp version of the M10 engine from the 1600 saloon.
BMW wanted to market the car in the US, but the sole engine choice was hampering sales, and the more powerful twin-carb 1600ti engine wasn't homologated for use Stateside. However, the 1991cc M10 engine from the 2000CS Coupe was, and inserting it into the smaller and lighter body spawned one of the greatest sporting saloons of the '60s: the 2002. This, coupled with the addition of the fuel-injected tii, took BMW to new heights, especially in the USA, where it was a huge success.
At the top of the tree is the 2002 Turbo, one of the very first turbocharged performance cars. Featuring a large KKK turbocharger, power was increased by 40bhp over the tii, with wider wheels, brakes and arches to match. Although our guide focuses mainly on the naturally aspirated models, but the much of the information – especially rust spots – applies to the Turbo.
Performance and specs
BMW 2002 (1968 model)
Engine 1991cc four-cylinder, SOHC, single Solex Carburettor
Power 113bhp @5800rpm
Torque 116lb ft @ 3000rpm
Steering Worm and roller
Brakes Discs front, drums rear
Top speed 108mph
Dimensions and weight
kerb weight 940kg
We spoke with Barney Halse of East Sussex-based BMW specialist Classic Heroes to find out about the 2002’s weak points:
• As with most cars of this age, corrosion is the biggest killer. Most panels are readily available, but it could be prohibitively expensive to buy a car with a rusty shell and restore it with all new panels.
• Low values in the '80s and '90s means lot of older restorations will have been done on the cheap, using non-original parts and patching up corrosion instead of repairing it properly. A lot of these cars are on the market now, and even though they might look shiny on top, they can hide all sorts underneath.
• The main hot-spots are the rear spring boxes on the inner wheelarch housings, outer arches into the rear sill areas, inner and outer sills (especially around the four jacking points), front inner wings, the lower outer and inner front panels, front floors, lower A-post areas, inner front wing box sections and boot floors.
• The Touring is slightly more complicated, although most of the metalwork can be repaired using saloon parts. It’s important that you check the condition of the tailgate, though. If it has rusted badly, it could be extremely hard to repair and it's almost Impossible to replace.
• With regular oil changes and maintenance, the M10 engine is good for over 100,000 miles between rebuilds. If the engine hasn't been rebuilt by now, it will definitely need a thorough going over.
• A small amount of oil burning is normal but any blue smoke from the exhaust indicates worn valve stem seals, or even worn cylinder bores.
• When the oil has warmed through, hold the car at about 4000rpm for a short distance, back of the throttle, and check your mirror for signs of smoke.
• Be wary of any car that appears to have cooling issues, as the aluminium cylinder head can warp and crack if it overheats.
• Both manual and auto gearboxes are strong, and should outlast the engine if they have been serviced correctly, though the manual’s synchromesh can wear out, causing a crunch into second and third gear on downshifts.
• A floppy gearlever can usually be rectified with a couple of new bushes, costing around £30.
• A limited-slip differential and five-speed close-ratio gearbox are rare and desirable options, although later five-speed gearboxes from other models are regularly swapped in for extra drivability.
• For ease of servicing and reliability, the carburettor car is the one to go for – tii’s complex Kugelfischer fuel injection warrants specialist servicing, though is a wonderful car when it is set-up correctly – and is certainly worth the extra effort if you can.
• There’s great parts support for the '02, from BMW Classic in Germany, and companies such as Jaymic in the UK, 2002 specialists for over 20 years.
1966: 1600-2 introduced in Europe (name soon changed to 1602)
1968: 2002 (carburettor) launched with 113bhp, first in the USA then the rest of the world. Twin-carburettor 2002ti (with 120bhp) introduced into Continental Europe later that year
1969: 130bhp 2002tii introduced, featuring Kugelfischer mechanical fuel injection
1971: Range-wide minor mid-life facelift with new indicators, bumpers and side rubbing strips. Europe-only1.8-litre 1802 debuts, straddling the gap between 1.6- and 2.0-litre. Michelotti-styled Touring three-door hatchback launched, as a 1602, 1802, 2002 and tii
1973: Another facelift, this time changing to square tail-lights and black plastic front grille strips. 2002 Turbo is unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show. It’s produced for just ten months, until being killed off by the global fuel crisis
1974: Simplified base-spec 75bhp 1502 launched in Europe as an economy model
1976: Production of all models (except the 1502, which went on to 1977) ends.
Owners clubs, forums and websites
Summary and prices
As long as the shell is solid and the engine pulls well, you can enjoy an ’02 on a modest budget. It’s more important to buy on condition than on model, although our favourite all-rounder is the tii – the injection gives it a stronger pull that you’ll really appreciate on the road.
Values are generally still very affordable, with even the best saloon commanding around £10,000. Pay between £4000-£7000 for a decent runner, with £1500 the starting price for a resto project. The Touring has always been the value option, with the best coming in at around £7000.
Things get considerably more expensive when you start looking at the 2002tii models. These start from around £7000, with usable examples sitting between £12,000-£20,000. The best command upwards of £25,000. Turbos take another step up, with projects starting from around £15,000-£25,000. Decent cars go for around £55,000, although special cars could have been known to push £85,000.